Modern environmentalism has its roots in the study of environmental health. As ‘municipalisation’ spread during the nineteenth century, so departments were set up to improve the supply of drinking water and the carrying away of waste – sewerage.
Today, January 27th, marks one hundred years after the death of Thomas Crapper.
He didn’t invent the flushing toilet. That fame goes to John Harrington in 1596 and the word crap comes from a Dutch word, krappe, and has been in use for centuries. But Thomas Crapper really made the floating ballcock a practicality and his entrepreneurship made the flushing toilet a necessity for every loo. A matter of convenience, so to speak.